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Co-Existence between Mining and Agricultural Activities: Compatibility in Brazil

William Freire, International Mining and Oil & Gas Law, Development, and Investment (2011)

With the world's population reaching 7 billion people, it is natural for agriculture to attract people's attention.

In Brazil, a country of continental dimensions, with approximately 8.5 million square kilometers of surface land, with vast agricultural areas, the discussion on the compatibility between mining and agriculture has not yet come to the forefront.2

Following are some statistics on agriculture and mining in Brazil:

To give an idea of the importance of mining in Brazil, in 2010, the national trade balance (exports -- imports) reached about US$ 20 billion. The trade balance in mining corresponded to approximately US$ 27.5 billion.3

Brazil stands out in world mineral production: Niobium: it is the largest world producer, with 95% of the market; Iron ore: second largest producer, with 18.8%; Manganese: second largest producer, with 25%; Tantalite: second largest producer, with 17%; Aluminum (bauxite): second largest producer, with 12.4%; Asbestos: third largest producer, with 9.73%; Magnetite: third largest producer, with 8%; Graphite: third largest producer, with 7.12%; Vermiculite: fourth largest producer, with 4.85%; Kaolin: fifth largest producer, with 5.48%; Tin: fifth largest producer, with 4.73% and decorative stones: fourth largest producer, with 5.6% of the global production.

Brazil uses today around 47 million hectar