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Corporate Environmental Management Systems

Peter Keppler, International Environmental Law for Natural Resources Practitioners (1997)

A number of factors have to be considered in developing a corporate environmental management program. Laws and regulations covering all aspects of the environmental impacts of business activity continue to be enacted at all levels of government. Simply trying to determine what environmental regulations govern a particular business or industry can be a daunting task.

The cost of complying with applicable environmental requirements can be very significant for mining and other natural resource industries. Meeting air and water quality standards and solid waste disposal restrictions at a large mining operation or industrial facility can entail substantial capital and operating costs. In addition, the staff time and cost of outside contractors to determine applicable requirements, obtain permits, assure compliance through periodic monitoring and reporting, and management oversight can be as great as the cost of pollution control equipment.