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Clean Air Act Fundamentals Major Programs and Strategies in the Federal Clean Air Act 42 U.S.C. 7401 to 7671Q (2007)

John R. Jacus, Alan J. Gilbert, Jeffrey W. Schwarz, Mark S. Squillace, Air Quality Challenges Facing the Natural Resources Industry in the Western United States (2007)

This is a descriptive outline of the major programs in the federal Clean Air Act. It is “descriptive” because it touches only lightly upon many diverse topics.

Our intent here is quite limited. We want to give you an overview of how this law works in major respects. This is a very complicated statute and it is accompanied by even more complicated regulations and guidance. With only a little bit of research, you will be able to find much more exhaustive treatment of all the subjects touched upon below.

The Clean Air Act is codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 7401 to 7671q (2007). You should start there to obtain more detail and more information.

Finally, the citations in this outline are to the “statutes at large” version of the Clean Air Act. Please use the table of contents included in your materials to locate parallel U.S. Code citations.

I. Background and Brief History of the Clean Air Act

A. Stationary sources and mobile sources establish the “Great Divide” in air quality regulation. This outline discusses only stationary source controls in the Clean Air Act.

1. Stationary sources, including factories, oil and gas compressor facilities, and other “smokestack” industries, are the focus of much of the regulation in the Clean Air Act. You will see this if you scan Subchapter I, Parts A, C and D and Subchapters IV, V, and VI of the sta